Facts, findings, opinions and studies about tree planting actions, campaigns and initiatives

Afforestation and reforestation are often highly desirable. Planting trees can restore land that has been deforested, especially if it is restored as a diverse, multi-species, un-managed forest similar to natural ones, and not as a monoculture of managed plantations. Restored “natural” forests promote biodiversity and limit extinction risk for many species, reduce soil erosion, improve water supplies, and can generate tourism, recreation, and other services to support local economies. In cities, trees provide shade and beauty, and moderate the urban heat island effect. – Climate Interactive

Compare this with a recent, disturbing report which showed that 45% of global tree planting pledges were for single-species plantations, the consequences of which can be grim for biodiversity and the climate. – Euractiv

When forests and other ecosystems are damaged, they take decades or even centuries to fully recover, if they ever do. For that reason, it is vitally important right now to protect existing forests and healthy working forest lands than to plant new trees. The best way to maximize carbon sequestration, water filtration, flood regulation, wildlife habitat, and the other benefits trees give us is to keep existing forests healthy and intact. Then, we can build on this foundation through wise restoration and reforestation efforts. – Forest Trends

One goal of Greening Deserts projects is to plant over 100 billion trees worldwide, especially in Europe and Africa during the next years. Together with the nations and awesome projects like the Great Green Wall, Great Green Wall North Africa, The Green Belt Movement and the Trillion Trees Campaign we can reach the goal fast and efficient. – Greening Deserts

Natural forests serve as carbon sinks and are home to much terrestrial biodiversity. Forests provide clean air and water, help prevent soil erosion and coastal flooding, and provide livelihoods for Indigenous Peoples. Tree plantations are often a no-go zone for human communities and endangered species. And while they store very little carbon, they definitely seize the media’s attention. – Greenpeace

Planting a trillion trees around the globe, assuming a relatively dense 2,000 trees per hectare, would require about 500 million hectares (1.2 billion acres). A hotly debated Science paper last year put the amount of land around the world that could support continuous tree cover and isn’t currently being used by humans at about 900 million hectares (2.2 billion acres). – MIT Technology Review

Scientists are now testing and comparing strategies that range from letting nature take its course, to forest-management approaches that look a lot like farming. There is no one-size-fits-all solution, but the work exposes some philosophical friction. Ecologists seeking to increase biodiversity might champion a broad range of species, whereas sustainable-development advocates could back exotic fruit-bearing trees that benefit local people. And researchers seeking to mitigate climate change might push for a single fast-growing variety. – Nature.com

Moreover, some 80 percent of terrestrial biodiversity occurs in forests. Protecting trees is a way of protecting much of what makes life on earth life on earth. – New York Times

At the moment, there is a lot of excitement about planting trees to absorb greenhouse gas emissions. But tree plantations can threaten natural habitats and often use only a single non-native species, and so have low biodiversity value and low resilience to any future shocks. They won’t provide the same benefits as allowing natural ecosystems to thrive. Good nature-based solutions are those that involve protecting the ecosystems we’ve still got, restoring those we’ve lost or damaged, and planting trees very carefully, making sure we plant the right species in the right places. – Oxford Alumni

A trillion trees is a lot, but would be woefully inadequate to address the global warming crisis, according to Democrats and climate scientists who said Republican backers of a tree-planting plan are using it to distract attention from the need to phase out fossil fuel use. .. Six nations with the most room for new trees are Russia, the United States, Canada, Australia, Brazil and China. – Phys.org

“Planting trees is now advocated by a wide range of stake-holders, often in the form of large-scale, monoculture tree plantations. In the current form, these will aggravate, not improve, the climate and biodiversity crises.” That’s from a new briefing by Greenpeace rejecting the one trillion trees campaign that was launched last month at the World Economic Forum… The claim that global tree restoration is our most effective climate change solution is simply incorrect scientifically and dangerously misleading. Although ecological restoration, if carefully implemented, can have a role in mitigating climate change, it is no substitute for the fact that most fossil fuel emissions will need to stop to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement. – REDD-Monitor

Reforestation is an important nature-based solution, not only for climate mitigation, but also for the multiple co-benefits it provides, including biodiversity conservation, clean air and water, and poverty alleviation… The first thing we can do is keep existing forests standing, and the second is to allow trees to regenerate in areas that were formerly forests. – Science Daily

The researchers found that increased levels of forest can reduce the available water in nearby rivers dramatically, cutting river flow by as much as 23% after five years and 38% after 25 years. The effect of trees on river flow is smaller in drier years than wetter ones. The type of soil conditions also have an effect—trees planted on healthy grassland have a larger impact on river flow than forests on former degraded agricultural land. – Science Friday

Conservation has moved from ideas of biodiversity to how much carbon can you capture — and then to the idea that forests should be the focus of carbon sequestration…
Then there are differences in meaning between ‘restoration’ and ‘rehabilitation’, ‘reforestation’ and ‘afforestation’, ‘planting’ trees and ‘growing’ trees. – SciDevNet

Humans have long believed that planting trees, any kind of tree, anywhere, is good, something Mother Nature cries out for, something that might even solve our climate crisis. Tree-planting initiatives proliferate: the Bonn Challenge, Trees for the Future, Trees Forever, the 10 Billion Tree Tsunami, Plant a Billion Trees, 8 Billion Trees, the Trillion Tree Campaign, the One Trillion Trees Initiative, to mention just a few. – Slate

There is no climate change silver bullet; planting trees helps, but it’s just one piece of silver buckshot among the many solutions needed to avert a climate crisis. – Skeptical Science

A closer look reveals faults in the optimistic plans. For example, nearly 80 percent of commitments to the Bonn Challenge involve planting monoculture tree plantations or a limited mix of trees that produce products such as fruit and rubber rather than restoring natural forests. Plantations typically have significantly less potential for carbon sequestration, habitat creation and erosion control than natural forests. The potential benefit dwindles further if planted trees replace natural forests, grasslands or savannahs – ecosystems that have evolved to support unique, local biodiversity. – Standford

Protecting and maintaining intact forests is more efficient, more ecologically sound, and less costly than planting trees, or replanting. – Treehugger

The first rule for ecosystem restoration is to stop the further destruction of forests, wetlands, and other critical ‘green infrastructure’. Conserving natural habitats is always cheaper than restoring it later. – UN Environment

Forests have already removed nearly one third of human-produced carbon dioxide emissions from the atmosphere. Through sustainable forest management, they could remove much more. – Liu Zhenmin, Under-Secretary-General United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs

The world’s forests are home to half of all terrestrial species. Their foliage recycles rainfall to keep the interiors of continents from turning into desert, and they store CO2 that would otherwise add to global warming. Their restoration is fast becoming a global clarion call,
essential for protecting biodiversity and climate. – Yale

The best way to beat climate change—the warming of Earth caused by gases like carbon dioxide emitted by human industry, leading to rising sea levels, worsening fires and storms, drought, and disease—is simple. Plant a trillion trees. – Wired

WWF, the Wildlife Conservation Society and BirdLife International today launched the Trillion Trees programme, a new 25-year initiative to help scale global forest commitments and spur greater ambitions towards protecting and restoring one trillion trees by 2050, the number needed to reverse the global decline in tree cover. – WWF

List of Worldwide Environmental Organisations

Intergovernmental organizations worldwide

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Earth System Governance Project

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Regional

European Environment Agency (E2EA)

Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA)

Government organizations

Australia

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

Brazil

IBAMA

Canada

Environment Canada

Oregon

Kano State Environmental Planning and Protection Agency

Denmark

Danish Ministry of Climate and Energy

Germany

Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

Hong Kong

Environmental Protection Department

India

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

Gujarat Pollution Control Board

Ministry of Environment and Forests

Indonesia

Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation

Republic of Ireland

Environmental Protection Agency

Isle of Man

Manx National Trust

Israel

Ministry of the Environment

Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Ministry of Environment

Maldives

Ministry of Environment and Energy

Environmental Protection Agency

Mexico

Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources

Netherlands

Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment

New Zealand

Department of Conservation

Ministry for the Environment

Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment

Norway

Norwegian Ministry of the Environment

Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management

Norwegian Pollution Control Authority

Philippines

Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Portugal

Ministry for Environment, Spatial Planning and Regional Development

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Environmental Protection Administration

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Environmental Society

Sweden

Ministry of the Environment (Sweden)

United Kingdom

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

England

English Heritage

Environment Agency

Natural England

Scotland

Historic Scotland

Scottish Natural Heritage

Scottish Environment Protection Agency

Wales

Cadw

Countryside Council for Wales

Environment Agency Wales

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland Environment Agency

United States

United States Environmental Protection Agency

United States Fish and Wildlife Service

United States National Park Service

Native American Nations

Inter-Tribal Environmental Council

Non-governmental organizations

International

350.org

Anti-nuclear movement

Antinea Foundation

A Rocha

Asia Association of Environmental Professionals (AAEP)

Association of Asia Environmental Services Companies (AAESC)

Biofuelwatch

Biosphere Expeditions

Bioversity International

BirdLife International

Confederation of European Environmental Engineering Societies

Conservation International

Earth Charter Initiative

Earthwatch

Forests and the European Union Resource Network (FERN)

Fauna and Flora International

Forest Stewardship Council

Friends of Nature

Friends of the Earth

Gaia Mater (the mother Earth)

Global Footprint Network

Global Witness

Great Transition Initiative

Green Actors of West Africa (GAWA)

Green Cross International

Greening Deserts

Greenpeace

Interamerican Association for Environmental Defense

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

International Analog Forestry Network

International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE)

The Mountain Institute

Mountain Wilderness

NatureServe

Panthera Corporation

Plant A Tree Today Foundation (PATT)

Project AWARE

Rainforest Alliance

Sandwatch

Seeds of Survival of USC Canada

Society for the Environment (SocEnv)

Taiga Rescue Network (TRN)

The Climate Project

The Nature Conservancy

The Resource Foundation

Wetlands International

Wildlife Conservation Society

Wolf Preservation Foundation (WPF)

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

Worldchanging

World Conservation Union (WCN)

World Land Trust(WLT)

World Resources Institute (WRI)

World Union for Protection of Life (WUPL)

Worldwatch Institute

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

Xerces Society

Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative

Africa

Environmental Foundation for Africa

Europe

ClientEarth

Climate Action Network – Europe (CAN-Europe)

European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE)

European Biomass Association

European Environmental Bureau (EEB)

European Wildlife

INFORSE-Europe

Coastwatch Europe

North America

Fund for Wild Nature

Green Zionist Alliance

International Joint Commission

North American Native Fishes Association

Rivers Without Borders

Whippany River Watershed Action Committee

Wild Farm Alliance

GOODWILL OF GREATER WASHINGTON

South America

Amazon Watch

Rainforest Foundation Fund

Albania

Institute for Environmental Policy in Albania

Australia

Australian Conservation Foundation

Australian Koala Foundation

Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices

Australian Student Environment Network

Australian Wildlife Conservancy

Banksia Environmental Foundation

Birds Australia

Blue Wedges

Clean Ocean Foundation

Environment Victoria

Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife

Greening Australia

Landcare Australia

Public Transport Users Association

The Wilderness Society (Australia)

Wildlife Watch Australia

Austria

Transitforum Austria Tirol

Bahamas

Friends of the Environment

Bolivia

Comunidad Inti Wara Yassi (CIWY)

Canada

Ancient Forest Alliance

Bird Protection Quebec

Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment

Canadian Environmental Law Association

Canadian Environmental Network

Canadian Youth Climate Coalition

Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society

David Suzuki Foundation

Ecojustice Canada

Earth Liberation Army (ELA)

Earth Rangers

Energy Probe

Green Action Centre

Manitoba Eco-Network

Nature Canada

Pembina Institute

Regenesis (non-profit organization)

Sierra Youth Coalition

The Society for the Preservation of Wild Culture

Toronto Environmental Alliance (TEA)

Western Canada Wilderness Committee

China

Friends of Nature (China)

Green Camel Bell

Croatia

Ekološko društvo Zeleni Osijek

Czech Republic

Environmental Law Service (ELS)

Hnutí DUHA – Friends of the Earth Czech Republic

Denmark

Danish Organisation for Renewable Energy (OVE)

Germany

Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland (BUND) = Friends of the Earth, Germany

BUNDjugend (BUND’s Youth organization)

EarthLink e.V.

Fuck for Forest

Naturschutzbund Deutschland (NABU) – German Nature Conservation Society

Robin Wood

Zeitz Foundation

Greece

Environmental Centre ARCTUROS

Hong Kong

Clear the Air (Hong Kong)

Friends of the Earth (HK)

Green Power

Lights Out Hong Kong

Society for Protection of the Harbour

The Conservancy Association

Clean Air Network

Asia Environmental Daily

India

CERE India

CARE(CENTRE FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENT),Mumbai,India

Conserve

Exnora International

Foundation for Ecological Security

Goa Foundation

Centre for Science and Environment

Siruthuli

Indonesia

Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation

Ireland

Gluaiseacht

Irish Peatland Conservation Council (IPCC)

Israel

Israel Union for Environmental Defense (IUED)

Green Movement

Palestinian Environmental NGOs Network

Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (SPNI)

Zalul Environmental Association

Kenya

Green Belt Movement

Macedonia

Macedonian Ecological Society

Madagascar

L’Homme et L’Environnement

Malta

BirdLife Malta

Nepal

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

National Trust for Nature Conservation

Netherlands

Milieudefensie

New Zealand

Buller Conservation Group

Conservation Volunteers New Zealand

Environment and Conservation Organisations of Aotearoa New Zealand (ECO)

Native Forest Restoration Trust

New Zealand Ecological Restoration Network

New Zealand Institute of Environmental Health (NZIEH)

Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand

Save Happy Valley Campaign

TerraNature

Waipoua Forest Trust

Norway

Bellona Foundation

Eco-Agents

Norwegian Society for the Conservation of Nature

Green Warriors of Norway (Norges Miljøvernforbund)

Nature and Youth

Zero Emission Resource Organisation

Philippines

Greenpeace Southeast Asia

Haribon Foundation

Sibuyanons Against Mining

Portugal

Quercus

Sierra Leone

ENFORAC (Environmental Forum for Action)

South Africa

Cape Town Ecology Group

Dolphin Action & Protection Group

Earthlife Africa

Endangered Wildlife Trust

EThekwini ECOPEACE

Groundwork

Koeberg Alert

The Earth Organization

Wildlife & Environment Society

The Carbon Report

Spain

Asociación pola defensa da ría

Ukraine

Ukraine Nature Conservation Society (UkrTOP)

United Kingdom

Association for Environment Conscious Building

Bicycology

Campaign for Better Transport

Campaign for National Parks (CNP)

Campaign to Protect Rural England

Centre for Alternative Technology (CAT)

Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM)

The Corner House

Creative Environmental Networks (CEN)

Earth Liberation Front (ELF)

Earth Liberation Prisoner Support Network (ELPSN)

Environmental Investigation Agency

Environmental Justice Foundation

Environmental Law Foundation (ELF)

Environmental Protection UK

Forest Peoples Programme

Green Alliance

Groundwork UK

The Institution of Environmental Sciences

Marine Conservation Society

John Muir Trust

National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty

People & Planet

Plane Stupid

RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)

Scottish Wildlife Trust

Stop Climate Chaos

The Civic Trust

World Land Trust

The Wildlife Trusts

Town and Country Planning Association

UK Environmental Law Association (UKELA)

Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

Woodland Trust

United States

41pounds.org

Abalone Alliance (historic)

Adirondack Mountain Club

African American Environmentalist Association

African Wild Dog Conservancy

Albatross Foundation USA

Allegheny Land Trust

Alliance for Climate Protection

Alliance to Save Energy

American Bird Conservancy

American Farmland Trust

Animal Protection and Rescue League (APRL)

Appalachian Voices

Arlington Coalition on Transportation (ACT)

Association of Environmental Professionals

Audubon movement

Bonneville Environmental Foundation (BEF)

Builders for the Bay

Center for a New American Dream

Center for International Environmental Law

Center for Biological Diversity

Center for Environmental Philosophy

Ceres

Chesapeake Bay Foundation

Citizens Campaign for the Environment

Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow

Conservation International

Conservation Law Foundation

Defenders of Wildlife

Earth First!

Earth Island Institute

Earth Policy Institute

Earth Liberation Army (ELA)

Earth Liberation Front (ELF)

EarthLab

Earth’s Birthday Project

Ecotrust

Energy Action Coalition

Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI)

Environment America

Environment California

Environmental Defense Fund

Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA)

Environmental Law Institute

Environmental Life Force (ELF)

Environmental Working Group

Earth Share

Forest Guardians

Global Water Policy Project

Green Zionist Alliance

GREENGUARD Environmental Institute

Hudson River Sloop Clearwater

Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (IEER)

Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology

International Council on Nanotechnology (ICON)

Honor the Earth

Izaak Walton League

Keep America Beautiful

League of Conservation Voters

Montana Wilderness Association

National Audubon Society

National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE)

National Geographic Society

National Registry of Environmental Professionals (NREP)

National Wildlife Federation

National Wildlife Refuge Association

Native Forest Council

Natural Resources Defense Council

Nature’s Classroom

NatureServe

Negative Population Growth

Neighborhood Parks Council

New York – New Jersey Trail Conference

Nicodemus Wilderness Project

Pacific Environment

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER)

Population Connection

Preserve Our Island

Rainforest Action Network

Resources for the Future (RFF)

Republicans for Environmental Protection

Rising Tide North America

Riverkeeper

Sand County Foundation

Save the Redwoods League

Science & Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)

Sea Shepherd

Sierra Club

Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition

Student Conservation Association

Student Environmental Action Coalition (SEAC)

Surfrider Foundation

Sustainable Silicon Valley (SSV)

Tellus Institute

Texas Campaign for the Environment

The Big Green Bus

The Conservation Fund

The Marine Mammal Center

The Ocean Conservancy

The School for Field Studies

The Wilderness Society

TreePeople

Union of Concerned Scientists

Waterkeeper Alliance

West Harlem Environmental Action (WEACT)

Wild Earth Guardians

WILD Foundation

Worldwatch Institute

Wyoming Outdoor Council

If you missing an organisation feel free to comment or contact.

Many of the environmental organisations were informed during 2019 about Greening Deserts sustainable developments and projects like the Trillion Trees Initiative. Over a thousand eMails were confirmed with read receipt notification and different kinds of answers. We exchanged with many awesome people about important environmental issues and topics in that relation. Greening Deserts projects and the Trillion Trees Initiative can improve biodiversity, climate protection, environmental protection, greening, reforestation and species protection worldwide. The cleantech, greentech and sustainable projects can reduce human-made climate change, deforestation, droughts, desertification, land degradation, global warming and pollution worldwide. It’s not just about to plant one trillion trees. Read more on the official and social pages.